This historic church dates back to 1911, when a group of African American and Hispanic residents decided to work together and build a small chapel. This new congregation was one of the first in the town of Las Cruces. The congregation continues to meet, although their membership has declined in recent years. Phillips Chapel CME (CME stands for Christian Methodist Episcopal today, formerly Colored Methodist Episcopal) is located in the Mesquite Historic District and has been placed on the New Mexico State Register of Cultural Properties. In 2003, the church was listed with the National Register of Historic Places.
This simple one-room adobe chapel has been a gathering place for its congregants for more than a century. A modest structure, the building originally cost $45 to complete as much of the work was done by members. Phillips Chapel was named after Reverend Charles H. Phillips, the
first presiding bishop of the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church in
America.Phillips Chapel has served as more then just a place to hold religious services. When Jim Crow laws and customs prevailed throughout New Mexico in the 1920s and beyond, churches served as schools and community buildings for African American and Hispanic neighborhoods. In 1924, black
children in Las Cruces were no longer able to attend the city's public schools. This chapel served as a meeting place for African American children and was known as Lincoln High School. Later, after
segregated Booker T. Washington
School was built in Las Cruces, Philips Chapel continued to be the site of
graduation services. The schools of Las Cruces remained segregated until after the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1954 decision against school segregation in Brown V. Board of Education.