Shirley Plantation as it looks today
Shirley Plantation circa 1900-1906
Shirley Plantation and grounds
Anne Hill-Carter Lee, mother of Confederate General, Robert E. Lee
Sharecroppers working the fields of Shirley Plantation sometime after the Civil War
Interior of the plantation
Backstory and Context
Shirley Plantation was first established as a tract of land in 1613. This makes one of the oldest landmarks in the state of Virginia, and placing it shortly after the settlement of Jamestown. The farming operations, however, did not begin until 1638, with Edward Hill I. The mansion that is found on the property was built at a later date, a century later to be exact, when Edward Hill’s great granddaughter, Elizabeth married John Carter. Since then the Plantation has been in the hands of the Hill-Carter family.
Through its long history, Shirley Plantation has seen some major events of Virginia/America history visit it’s doorstep. During the American Revolution, American and French troops under Lafayette, it was a stopping point to acquire goods during battle of Malvern Hill where it was afforded protection from destruction. In addition it was also the birthplace of Anne Hill-Carter, the wife of Henry “Lighthorse Harry” Lee and mother of Robert E. Lee. During the Civil War, in fact, it would witness the Peninsula Campaign but would not be touched by fire from either sides. Even after, the Civil War, the plantation would still remain.
Today Shirley Plantation has remained Private Property but has since become a Museum. Tours are held usually about seven days a week. The property features many of the original buildings including the mansion, kitchen, laundry house, barns, smokehouse, stable, and the dove cote. In addition to this, the property can be rented out for certain events. Shirley Plantation has much to offer its visitors.
For a young state (and a young nation) Shirley Plantation would be considered an Ancient Landmark by those standards. Shirley Plantation is a place not only dates back to the very beginnings of American history, it is one of the few that still remains in the family that originally occupied it. There is almost no other historic site in the United States that can claim such. It has due to it’s age and location been put through many historical events, mainly wars. Shirley Plantation remains to this day an iconic symbol of the early United States.