Sitting on top of the 43 foot tall monument is a statue of a robed woman. She is known as the Genius of Liberty. The woman is holding a sword and shield. On her head is a crown of stars, she's facing North, allowing her to turn her back on the former Confederate states. Surrounding the bottom of the monument is statues of four men representing the four branches of American armed services.The U.S. Navy, U.S. Army, Artillery, and the U.S. Cavalry. The names of the Civil War battles are carved on the central granite pillar. There are also bronze plaques that commemorates the role of African-Americans in the military. Other plaques commemorates those killed in WWI, WWII, Korean War, Vietnam War, and the Persian Gulf War.
It wasn't until the end of hostilities in 1865, when the idea for the memorial was created. The organization called Patriot Daughters of Lancaster by women funded the monument. On November 4, 1872 the monument was commissioned, and on July 4th, 1874 it was unveiled. The base of the monument is carved with the inscription Erected by the people of Lancaster County/To the memory of their fellow citizens who fell/in defense of the Union/In the war of the rebellion/1861-1865.