Mission San Luis National Landmark
Backstory and Context
The Mission San Luis dates back to 1656 and was the western Spanish capital in Florida while St. Augustine lay to the east. Unlike St. Augustine, San Luis was a place where Spanish settlers and Apalachee Native Americans lived together. The mission was prosperous for the second half of the 17th century but that changed after the Queen Anne’s War between England and Spain broke out in 1701.
By 1704 the British, aligned with the Creeks, destroyed virtually all of the North Florida Spanish missions. Overwhelmed by devastating raids, the Spanish evacuated the mission on July 31, 1704. The surviving Apalachee fled to various parts of Florida while some were able to assimilate with the Creek Nation.
"About Mission San Luis." Florida Division of Historical Resources. Accessed May 11, 2015. https://dos.myflorida.com/historical/explore/mission-san-luis.