The lake was soon renamed, however, and was transformed from Justice Lake to the R.D. Bailey Lake in honor of a West Virginia politician who proved himself to be an important figure to the state - especially to those who resided in the communities of Mingo County. R.D. Bailey Sr. was born July 26, 1883 in Baileysville, West Virginia, of which his grandfather was the founder, before later relocating to Mingo County. During his time in Mingo County, he served as a deputy sheriff, the county prosecutor, Democratic state chairman, a state senator, state Board of Education member, and as Mingo County Circuit Judge during the Matewan Massacre trial. Bailey passed away in 1961, and years later the U.S. Supreme Court moved to rename the Justice Lake in honor of the late judge.
The R.D. Bailey lake offers a plethora of scenic views for visitors including not merely the lake itself, but the surrounding 19,000 acres of land which the Army Corps of Engineers leased to the state of West Virginia;s Division of Natural Resources as part of the attraction. Under the Corps of Engineers' care, the land and the lake have since been used for wildlife management and as a preserve. The lake also boasts numerous activities for visitors including picnicking, boating, a recreational swimming pool, fishing, camping, rock climbing, and hiking. The area also features a visitor's center, where guests can learn the history of the lake as well as request information about the site, in addition to several group sheds where visitors can sit and talk or eat together.