This marker commemorates one of the more tragic events in U.S. History. The Trail of Tears is the path in which Native American Indians traveled when forced to relocate from their traditional lands east of the Mississippi after the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The journey to Oklahoma stretched over 2,200 miles of trails. Unable to have basic-necessities such as adequate clothing, shelter, food, and even shoes, thousands perished, especially during the harsh winter months.
President Andrew Jackson led the Trail of Tears Indian removal and
relocation. He used negative propaganda to empower this historical tragedy.
Included in this Clio is a photo of such propaganda. There were as many as 45,000 people relocated and they were not of only one tribe or of one state. The
Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations were forced against
their will to leave their homelands which were lands that were carved by the
wings of a bird.
During the Trail of Tears journey, the Native American
people left behind their homes and the only life they knew. They also had to
leave behind their source of traditional medicine. This contributed to their
deaths as well. Some estimate that there was a loss of as many as 6000 Cherokee
alone. Along with the other mentioned tribes, there were also other people
included in these relocations, such as “European Americans and African
In 1831 the Choctaw were the first Native Americans forced
to relocate. The other tribes followed from 1831 to around 1837. The Choctaw
Indians described the relocation with the phrase “Trail of Tears.”
In Alabama, an interesting site related to Trail of Tears the Andrew Ross Home which is located at 4502 Godfrey Avenue (near 45th Street NE), Fort Payne. Its unique architecture and association with the Trail make it a worthwhile visit.