USS Edson and the Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum
Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum was established by residents of Bay City who hoped to bring a historic naval vessel to their community's waterfront. The organization succeeded, securing the USS Edson in 2013. The USS Edson was a vital member of the Pacific Fleet during the Vietnam War and other conflicts in the U.S. fight against communism in Asia. The organization offers tours of the Edson and also maintains responsibility for maintaining the vessel.
Backstory and Context
During the early years of the US intervention in Vietnam, the USS Edson operated off the coast of Vietnam and the Taiwan Strait. The ship was present for the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, an alleged attack on the USS Maddox that President Johnson and Congress cited in defense of their plans to escalate American involvement in Southeast Asia. The Edson received her first of three Navy Unit Commendations for service in the incident.2
The Gulf of Tonkin incident led Congress to pass the Gulf of Tonkin resolution which granted President Johnson the ability to intervene with military action in any country in Southeast Asia that may fall to communism. Details of the incident and subsequent actions by the hawkish Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and President Johnson are still disputed to this day. It is certain that their decisions led to one of the longest and most costly conflicts in U.S. military history.3
The Edson spent ten years running gun line duty off the coast of Vietnam. The ship received its second and third Navy Unit Commendations for its role in the evacuations of Phnom Penh, Cambodia and Saigon, Cambodia. All told the Edson spent around 30 years as a member of the Pacific Fleet and ran training missions until it was decommissioned in 1988.
2.USS Edson. Historic Naval Ships Association. May 29, 2014. June 30, 2019. https://www.hnsa.org/hnsa-ships/uss-edson-dd-946/.
3.Paterson, Lieutenant Commander Pat. "The Truth About Tonkin." Naval History Magazine. Naval History MagazineFebruary 2008. .