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Constructed by Josiah Miller from 1858 to 1860, the House Building was located in the center of Lawrence in the territorial period. Miller acquired town lot 35 and built this commercial structure on Massachusetts Street. A leader in the effort to attract settlers to the Kansas Territory, Miller was one of five Lawrence men who petitioned the government for protection following the 1856 Sack of Lawrence. Miller also became the postmaster and built this three-story structure as part of the effort to bring commerce to the Central Plains. In 1860, Miller added an identical structure on the north half of the lot, creating a 50-foot-wide frontage known as the "Miller Block." The southern half of the building was leased to Jacob House for his gentlemen's clothing store in 1862. When Lawrence was again attacked by proslavery men in 1863, House was in the structure and Quantrill's Raiders forced him at gunpoint to serve as a local guide. Miller later leased the north half to Joseph Wharton who set up a dry goods and groceries store. Jacob House's daughter-in-law remodeled the building into a two-story structure with office space above in the early 1920s. The building has housed many businesses and upstairs offices over the years and was listed for sale in 2019.

The House Building at 729-731 Massachusetts Street on 1905 map (Sanborn p. 4)

The House Building at 729-731 Massachusetts Street on 1905 map (Sanborn p. 4)

Front of the House Building in modern photograph (Kansas Historical Society, KHRI)

Front of the House Building in modern photograph (Kansas Historical Society, KHRI)

Following the 1856 Sack of Lawrence, Josiah Miller, the builder of Miller's Block (known later as the House Building), was one of the five men chosen to request redress from the Federal Government for the 1856 attack on Lawrence by pro-slavery raiders. The resolution, adopted by the group in November 1858 in Lawrence, asserted that Kansas citizens did not start the disturbances, and the Federal Government failed to protect the citizens from the invaders, many of whom were residents of Missouri.

Jacob House was inside this building in 1863 when Quantrill's bushwhackers surrounded the structure and forced House to offer directions during their raid which once again brought death and destruction to Lawrence. House's life was spared, but the attack became the most deadly act of terrorism on American soil until the Oklahoma City Bombing. House continued to operate his men's clothing shop - the St. Louis Clothing Store - in the space he leased in 1862 from Josiah Miller until his death in 1913. House was said to be the oldest clothing merchant in the state at that time. He had already involved his son, Robert E. House, in the family business, which was later known as J. House & Son.

In 1905, the Sanborn Fire Insurance map shows the clothing store at 729 Massachusetts Street and a music shop at 731. The third floor was used as a meeting hall for an African-American lodge. Robert E. House only lived eight years after his father's death; his widow, Irma, inherited the business in 1921. Irma House had the building's third story removed and remodeled the upstairs offices; she had the name "HOUSE" added to the second story of the main facade.

After the renovations, the House clothing store continued to occupy the 729 Massachusetts Street location under new ownership and a new name. The 731 space next door was the location of Clarence "Swede" Wilson's billiard parlor from 1913 to 1944. The second-floor office spaces were quickly leased to lawyers J. B. Wilson and F.B. Dodds, who stayed in the building until the 1940s. A dentist, Dr. Edward Bumgardner, opened his office upstairs and it remained there into the 1920s.

R.C. Miller bought the building from Irma House in 1936 and operated a furniture store there until 1946. The building is currently managed by Kanwaka, LLC, who has an office on the second floor at 729 - 1/2, Suite 208. The House Building is listed for sale, with nearly 11,000 square feet, with 17 office spaces upstairs. The price has been reduced and is now just under 1.7 million dollars. J. Lynn Bridal and a local stationery store, Ruff House Paperie, with four vintage letterpress machines, lease the ground floor commercial spaces. If you visit J. Lynn Bridal, say hi to their welcoming committee, Pumpkin, a French bulldog. The Ruff House folks named their store after their Great Dane, Jack. I think he lives at their home, not the shop.

The House Building is a contributing resource in the Lawrence's Downtown Historic District, listed in the National Register in 2004. The building has been listed individually in the Register of Historic Kansas Places as of 2000.

Anonymous. "The Sufferers' Convention." The Kansas Herald of Freedom (Wakarusa, KS Territory) November 20th 1858. 2-2.

J.Lynn Bridal. Our Store, J.Lynn Bridal. January 1st 2020. Accessed June 24th 2020.

Kansas Historical Society. Register of Historic Kansas Places Nomination for House Building, Kansas Historical Society Resources. December 11th 2000. Accessed June 24th 2020.

Pierangelo, Hannah. "Local stationery company opens new store downtown." The University Daily Kansan (Lawrence, KS) December 9th 2014. Top Story sec.

Sanborn Map Company. Insurance Maps of Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas. New York, NY. Sanborn Map Company, 1905.

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