Hastings Prototype House
Hastings Prototype House.
Backstory and Context
The Hastings Prototype House was the brainchild of Hamlin Foster Andrus (1885-1957). Andrus was the son of John Emory Andrus, a multimillionaire pharmaceutical executive who resided in nearby Yonkers. Hamlin Andrus owned a significant amount of land in Florida that he hoped to develop into a community of affordable homes. He decided to build a prototype home for this community in Hastings-on-Hudson.
Plans for the prototype house were drawn by local architect Charles A. Horn. The two-story house has a cinder block foundation reinforced by a partial steel frame. It is shaped like a cube measuring 21' on each side, save for the east corner of the building, which is curved. The entrance to this house is located at this corner. The exterior walls, floors, and roof of the house are comprised of prefabricated, reinforced concrete panels, each measuring 2' x 10'. Inside the house, cork and asphalt tile was used for flooring, plywood was used for wall panels, steel was used for window frames, and vermiculite was used for insulation. The first floor features a living room, kitchen, and closet. The second floor contains two bedrooms, a bathroom, and a closet.
Originally, the house featured several interesting mechanical systems. Its gas-fired heating system was one of the earliest uses of gas as a heating fuel in Westchester County. This system also had a cooling feature, which would have been useful in the Florida climate. Fluorescent lighting was built into the ceiling of the house's kitchen, which was a fairly early use of this kind of lighting technology. Sadly, all of these systems are no longer in operation, as they deteriorated significantly before the house was restored in 1978. The property also features a single-car garage that is made from the same prefabricated concrete panels that comprise that house.
Nothing came of Hamlin Andrus's plan to develop his land in Florida. The prototype house was sold, and for many years was used as a part-time home by its owners. Some neighbors were not particularly fond of the house, which stood out from the other dwellings in the neighborhood. By the mid-1970s the building had become neglected and abandoned. This situation changed in 1978 when Peter G. Muckenhaupt acquired the home. As a 10-year-old in 1936, Muckenhaupt, who grew up nearby, rode his bike to watch construction of the unique home, and his fascination with the building remained into adulthood. Muckenhaupt restored the long-abandoned structure, and worked to get it added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.
"1936 Prototype House Gets a New Life." The New York Times (New York, N.Y.) February 9th 1992.
Larson, Neil. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: Hastings Prototype House. September 30th, 1991.
Williams, Gray. Picturing Our Past: National Register Sites in Westchester County. Elmsford, N.Y. Westchester County Historical Society, 2003.
Westchester County Historical Society. Photo by Gray Williams.