The Secessionville Historical District is an area of James Island, Charleston, SC, set aside to honor those who fought in the Battle of Secessionville (a.k.a. The First Battle of James Island) during the Civil War. The district includes several sites both directly and indirectly related to the June 1862 battle wherein Confederate troops repelled a Union attempt to take the City of Charleston by land.
Historical District is an area of James Island in Charleston Harbor,
Charleston, South Carolina, set aside to commemorate the antebellum Town of Secessionville
and the area's role in the Civil War.
Town of Secessionville was created prior to the war by wealthy Charleston
residents as a summer retreat. It was dubbed Secessionville almost
jokingly to emphasize the town's part-year residents' attempts to isolate
themselves from the remainder of Charleston.
first attempt to capture Charleston, SC, was rebuffed by Confederate forces at
the Battle of Secessionville. Union troops landed on James Island several weeks
prior to the battle, fighting multiple skirmishes, until making a focused
attack on June 16, 1862, on an encampment named Tower Battery. The battery was
later renamed Fort Lamar in honor of the Confederate commander of the battery,
Colonel T.G. Lamar. During the battle 6.600 Union soldiers attacked 2,000
Confederates. The Union sustained 685 casualties to the Confederate's 204. The
Union forces abandoned their hopes of taking Charleston through James Island
and later focused on Morris Island, but never succeeded. An annual reenactment
of the battle takes place at Boone Hall Plantation and Gardens.
Historical District includes the remains of Fort Lamar, the battlefield and
several large houses which were owned by wealthy James Island plantation owners.