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U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial
On February 19, 1945, following an ineffective bombing campaign, the United States Marine Corps invaded the island. U.S. marines surrounded the mountain on Iwo Jima and climbed to the top to take control of the island in less than four days. Six soldiers, five Marines, and one navy hospital corpsman raised the American flag at the top of the mountain. This picture became the inspiration behind the U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial, as the raising of the American flag signified the end of the Pacific campaign against the Japanese.
On November 10,1954, the 179th anniversary of the founding of the U.S. Marine Corps, President Eisenhower presided over the dedication of the memorial. The memorial is situated near the Lincoln Memorial, the Washington Memorial, and the U.S. Capitol on the National Mall. Beginning in the spring of each year and running through mid-August, musical and marching units from Marine Barracks honor their fellow marines during Sunset Parades, which take place on the lawn adjacent to the memorial.
SourcesMarine Barracks Washington, D.C. (n.d.). Retrieved October 27, 2014, from http://www.barracks.marines.mil/Parades/SunsetParade.aspx US Marine Corps War Memorial. (n.d.). Retrieved October 27, 2014, from http://www.nps.gov/gwmp/historyculture/usmcwarmemorial.htm Marine Corps War Memorial. (n.d.). Retrieved October 27, 2014, from http://www.marinemarathon.com/MCM_Vault/Marine_Corps_War_Memorial.htm
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