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Vinland Estate- Mcauley Hall

Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art ()

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Vinland Estate is a Romanesque Revival "summer cottage" on the Cliff Walk. This Gilded Age house was completed in 1884 by the architecture firm Peabody & Stearns for wealthy tobacco heiress Catharine Lorillard Wolfe.

Front view of Vinland Estate
Front View of Vinland Estate
Main Stairs of Vinland
Gilded door on the first floor
Celtic and Nordic symbols are carved into the windows.
Vinland Estate plaque on the gatehouse.

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Vinland Estate, was completed in 1884. The  Romanesque Revival style “cottage” was built for  tobacco heiress Catharine Lorillard Wolfe by the  acclaimed architecture firm of Peabody & Stearns. At the time, Catharine Lorillard Wolfe was the richest woman in America. The name ‘Vinland” was bestowed upon the summer cottage in reference to the Vikings who were believed have arrived in Newport hundreds of years before. Ms. Wolfe was inspired by a poem  written by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow which spoke of the Vikings’ journey across the Atlantic. It is because of this poem that Vinland Estate bears many Celtic and Nordic motifs. 

In 1896, Vinland was sold to railroad tycoon Hamilton McKown Twombly and his wife Florence Adele Vanderbilt Twombly. A decade later, Vinland underwent a massive renovation which included an addition deigned by Peabody & Stearns. The renovation also included an interior redecoration by Ogden Codman, who was also responsible for decorating the upper floors of “The Breakers”. 

Vinland has many interesting Nordic-inspired architectural features. Indeed, the facade of the building features carved capitals and decorated in scrollwork, and the windows are embellished with Celtic and Nordic iconographic elements. One of the most intriguing parts about the interior design were the stained glass windows located on the first floor landing. The subjects featured in the upper portion of the window are the Norse gods Thor, Odin, and Frey. The lower portion of the windows included historical viking figures Thorfinn, his Wife Gudridr, and the renowned Leif Erikson. These windows are no longer installed, having been sold to a private collector in 1934.

In 1955, the estate was donated to the Sisters of Mercy. Today, the seaside cottage serves as an academic building for Salve Regina University and is better known to students as Mcauley Hall.

Sources



Vinland Estate-PSNC
. PDF. Multiple .
William Morris to Catherine Wolfe. 1883. Newport, Rhode Island.
Leith, Royal W.. "Rediscovering Vinland." PRSUS. PRSUS.

Address
Ochre Point Avenue
Newport, Rhode Island 02840
Tags
  • Architecture and Historical Buildings
  • Cultural History
  • Historic Homes
User Created Tours That Include This Entry
This location was created on 2017-04-06 by Delaney Daly, Salve Regina University; Instructed by Jon Marcoux.   It was last updated on 2017-04-20 by Jon Marcoux .

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