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La Pointe-Krebs Museum (Old Spanish Fort)

Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art (National Register of Historic Places)


The La Pointe-Krebs Museum is a historic, one-room structure originally built in 1757, a date confirmed by a professor of geography and geology at University of Southern Mississippi, who analyzed the age of the timbers. This determination makes the structure the oldest building in Mississippi; it is also the only French colonial structure in the state left standing. As of late 2016, the structure is undergoing extensive renovation. However, the site can be visited during the hours listed below. It is also known as the "Old Spanish Fort" because for a time it was the fortified home of a Spanish officer during the late 18th century, when Spain controlled the territory. The building and surrounding property were never a fort in the traditional sense.

The La Pointe-Krebs Museum


The building was constructed by French naval officer Joseph Simon de la Pointe, who served under French Territorial Governor, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne. His daughter married German immigrant Hugo E. Krebs, who operated a plantation on the property, growing rice and cotton cultivated by slaves. Interestingly, Krebs used a roller cotton gin, one that predated the successful one invented by Eli Whitney twenty years later. The Spanish officer who lived in the building, Don Enrique Ginarest, married the granddaughter of de la Pointe. The building remained in the Krebs family until 1914. The Jackson County Historical Society owned the building for at least fifty years beginning in 1950. Today, the LaPointe Krebs Foundation owns the property.


Maddox, Dawn. "Old Spanish Fort (Old French Fort)." National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places. September 3, 1971. 

Magandy, Kate. "La Pointe-Krebs House in Pascagoula may be oldest in Deep South." Sun Herald. May 31, 2016.

Photo: Wikimedia

200 Fort Street
Pascagoula, MS 39567
Phone Number
Tuesday – Friday: 10:00 am til 5:00 pm, Saturday: 10:00 am til 3:00 pm
  • Architecture and Historical Buildings
  • Colonial History
  • Military History
This location was created on 2016-12-28 by Ben M. .   It was last updated on 2016-12-28 by Clio Admin .

This entry has been viewed 435 times within the past year


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