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Ill feeling between the Americans and Creoles was manifested in many ways, more so because the Creoles outnumbered the Americans in the City Council, and as a result received the benefit of Council enactments. This animosity came to a climax in 1835 when a young American was killed in a duel by a Creole. In conformance with the law, the survivor was placed on trial, but was acquitted. The decision was taken by the Americans as an individual insult, and justice was demanded by a mob, which surrounded the judge’s home. The state, taking head of the trouble in the city, withdrew the [city] charger and issued another, with the provision that the city be divided into three separate municipalities….The first municipality embraced the Creole section, the second comprised the American or uptown section, and the third contained the remainder of what is now New Orleans. 1
The official New Orleans website notes:
Several important figures in Louisiana history lay in state in Gallier Hall, including Jefferson Davis and General Beauregard. Of late, it was local legend Ernie K-Doe who was so honored. More than 5,000 mourners came to Gallier Hall on July 14, 2001, to pay their respects to the flamboyant R&B musician, who was laid out in a white costume and a silver crown and scepter and delivered to his final resting place in the company of a big, brassy jazz procession.3
Since the completion of a new City Hall in the 1950s, the building has been used mainly for ceremonial events, exhibitions, and a few municipal offices, and it was renamed Gallier Hall to honor its architect.4
3 City of New Orleans, "Historic Gallier Hall," nola.gov, last updated January 11, 2017, http://www.nola.gov/gallier-hall/.
Goeldner, Paul. "Gallier Hall." National Register of Historic Places. May 30, 1974. https://focus.nps.gov/pdfhost/docs/NRHP/Text/74002250.pdf.
New Orleans, LA 70113
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