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Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art (National Historic Landmark)


A National Historic Landmark, Gaineswood is one of the finest Greek Revival (Neoclassical) mansions in the country. It was built and designed by cotton planter Nathan Bryan Whitfield between 1843-1860. It began as a simple log dwelling and Whitfield built the house around it in the coming years. He had the help of many people, including highly skilled artisan slaves. Interesting features of the house include domed ceilings, intricate interior plasterwork and all three Greek style columnns (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian). The mansion is now a museum and contains many furnishings belonging to the Whitfield family. It is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Gaineswood Mansion


Nathan moved to Alabama from North Carolina in 1934. He first called the house Marlmount but changed it to Gaineswood to honor George Gaines, who, as a U.S. Indian Agent, met Choctaw Chief Pushmataha on the property in 1842 and convinced him to cede Choctaw land. The Choctaw moved to Indian territory in what is now Oklahoma. They negotiated and signed the treaty under an oak tree which still stands today and it is called the Pushmataha Tree. The Whitfield's owned the house until 1932 and private owners resided there until 1966 when the State of Alabama bought the property. 


Janice P. Hand. "Gaineswood," National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places. 1-5-72.

805 South Cedar Avenue
Demopolis, AL 36732
Phone Number
(334) 289-4846
Closed Mondays Tuesday–Friday: 10 am to 4pm Saturday: 10am–2pm Sundays: 2pm - 4pm. Other times by appointment
  • African American History
  • Agriculture and Rural History
  • Architecture and Historical Buildings
  • Native American History
This location was created on 2015-12-27 by Ben M. .   It was last updated on 2015-12-27 by Unknown

This entry has been viewed 357 times within the past year


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