Is this your first time here?
Each day, Clio connects thousands of people to nearby culture
and history. Our website and mobile app are free for everyone
and designed to make it easy to discover cultural and historical
sites throughout the United States. You can search for nearby
sites, take a walking tour, create your own itinerary, or simply
go for a walk or drive and let Clio show you nearby sites using
our mobile app. Clio is non-profit and free for everyone
thanks to the support of people like you. Donations are tax-
Click here to learn more!
Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art (National Historic Landmark)
A National Historic Landmark, Gaineswood is one of the finest Greek Revival (Neoclassical) mansions in the country. It was built and designed by cotton planter Nathan Bryan Whitfield between 1843-1860. It began as a simple log dwelling and Whitfield built the house around it in the coming years. He had the help of many people, including highly skilled artisan slaves. Interesting features of the house include domed ceilings, intricate interior plasterwork and all three Greek style columnns (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian). The mansion is now a museum and contains many furnishings belonging to the Whitfield family. It is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Nathan moved to Alabama from North Carolina in 1934. He first called the house Marlmount but changed it to Gaineswood to honor George Gaines, who, as a U.S. Indian Agent, met Choctaw Chief Pushmataha on the property in 1842 and convinced him to cede Choctaw land. The Choctaw moved to Indian territory in what is now Oklahoma. They negotiated and signed the treaty under an oak tree which still stands today and it is called the Pushmataha Tree. The Whitfield's owned the house until 1932 and private owners resided there until 1966 when the State of Alabama bought the property.
Janice P. Hand. "Gaineswood," National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places. 1-5-72. http://www.preserveala.org/gaineswood.aspx https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaineswood
805 South Cedar Avenue
Demopolis, AL 36732
Tuesday–Friday: 10 am to 4pm
Sundays: 2pm - 4pm.
Other times by appointment
This location was created on 2015-12-27
It was last updated on 2015-12-27
This entry has been viewed 323 times within the past year