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Morgan's Grove and The Bee Line March to Cambridge
Many of the Virginian’s who answered Congress’ call to arms in June of 1775 had fought with Washington during the French and Indian War. They were independent minded and strongly resisted what they viewed a British efforts toward subjugation.3 Dressed in home-made frontier clothing, with buck tails tied to their hats, and moccasins on their feet these men were the symbols of the colonial frontier.4 Each man was out-fitted with a new long- rifle made by Shepherdstown gunsmiths , the Henry and Philip Sheetz.5When Stephenson learned that Morgan had moved on to New England ahead of him, Stephenson’s men began their incredible march. Leaving Shepherdstown on July 17th from their meeting point at Morgan’s Spring, these men covered 600 miles in 24 days arriving at Cambridge on Friday August 11, 1775. According to the journal of Henry Bedinger, George Washington and General Gates reviewed the company upon its arrival.6 Hugh Stephenson was promoted to rank of Colonel and died of an illness in of 1776. Command of the regiment was given to Colonel Rawlings. On November 16, 1776 the regiment was captured at Fort Washington. The unit, including Henry Bedinger, was imprisoned for nearly four years.7
Sources1. Fred Anderson, “Crucible of War”, (New York: Vintage Books, 2000) p. 95 2. Eugene Irving McCormac, PhD, “Colonial Opposition to Imperial Authority During The French and Indian War”, (Berkley: The University Press, November 1911), pp 1, 95, Google Play, https://play.google.com/books/reader?printsec=frontcover&output=reader&id=3BovAAAAYAAJ&pg=GBS. 3. “History of The Lower Shenandoah”, p 324, Google Play, https://play.google.com/books/reader?printsec=frontcover&output=reader&id=1UNEAQAAMAAJ&pg=GBS.PA324 4. “Historic Shepherstown” Google Play, Accessed March 21, 2015, https://play.google.com/books/reader?printsec=frontcover&output=reader&id=hJwtAAAAYAAJ&pg=GBS.PA92 5. Jim Surkamp, “Beeline March”, jimsurkamp.com, Accessed February 27, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x5Uca5EkKtw 6. “Historic Shepherdstown” p. 101 7. W.T.R. Saffell, “Records of The Revolutionary War” (Baltimore, Charles C. Saffell, 1894), pp. 398-99, Google Play, https://play.google.com/books/reader?printsec=frontcover&output=reader&id=Bq649tf5BQEC&pg=GBS.
Shepherdstown, WV 25443
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