Oregon Capitol grounds
Walking tour introduces the history of the capitol and visits monuments on the state capitol grounds.
Oregon's 1876 state capitol building burned down in 1935 and was replaced with a new building in 1938 in the PWA Moderne style.
The Oregon legislature ratified the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution on January 14, 1920, making Oregon the 25th state to ratify. The required 36 states ratified the amendment in August, 1920, placing women’s voting rights into the U.S. Constitution. Oregon women had achieved the vote in 1912, and Oregon’s third woman legislator, Sylvia Thompson, proposed Oregon’s House Joint Resolution 1 ratifying the amendment. Thompson had to fight for her role as sponsor of Oregon’s ratification resolution and she was successful. In March 2019 students at Western Oregon University created an online exhibit with community partner the Oregon Women’s History Consortium with an analysis of historic newspapers to share this story: http://www.oregonwomenshistory.org/january-14-1920-oregon-ratifies-nineteenth-amendment/
Sculpted from zinc by Allen G. Newman. It was modeled after an early white settler's hat, rifle and pouch provided by the Breyman family of Salem, Oregon. Statue was toppled by a windstorm in 1917 and never replaced. Later castings of the statue were erected in locations across the United States.
Monument honoring mid-19th-century Christian ministers who served multiple congregations in communities spread over significant distances on the Oregon frontier. Sculpted by A. Phimister Proctor, it depicts itinerant minister Robert Booth.
The Oregon World War II Memorial was dedicated on June 6, 2014, on the grounds of the state capitol grounds. The dedication ceremony marked the 70th anniversary of D-Day and commemorates the service of Oregonians in World War II. The monument features a 33-foot tall central obelisk and a granite wall that bears the names of 3,771 people who lost their lives during the war. The monument was constructed with a total of $1.2 million dollars and honors soldiers and civilians in Oregon who contributed to the war effort.