For most of the Civil War, Richmond, Virginia served as the capitol of the Confederate States of America. Union forces made numerous attempts to retake this site of great strategic—and symbolic—importance, inspired by the battle cry: On to Richmond! Its proximity to the fighting made Richmond a center for hospitals and military prisons. On April 3, 1865, Richmond fell to the Union army; General Robert E. Lee surrendered soon after, ending the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse. This tour explores Richmond's central role during the most formative conflict in United States history—and remembers those who fought in it.