Kansas City Club Building
This building on 1228 Baltimore Avenue served as the headquarters for the prestigious Kansas City Club for nearly 80 years. The Club was first formed in 1882 to provide a place for the city’s business class to relax and socialize. In 1922 it constructed the Gothic Revival style building as a clubhouse. The building contained various amenities for club members including guest rooms, meeting spaces, athletic facilities, and a banquet hall. The club sold the building in 2001 due to declining membership and it was turned into apartments. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2002. In 2018 it was announced that the building will be converted into a 144-room hotel. The building also offers luxury event spaces called the Brass on Baltimore.
Backstory and Context
As the population of Kansas City rapidly grew in the 1880s, so too did the city’s elite business class. Eventually a group of these local businessmen decided to organize a social club, similar to ones that existed in other major cities. The Kansas City Club was formally incorporated in 1882 with 42 members, including Abia A. Tomlinson, Charles E. Hasbrook, and C. S. Wheeler. Membership, which was fairly restrictive and included an annual fee, quickly increased. To accommodate this growth, the club built a five-story clubhouse on the corner of Twelfth and Wyandotte. Expansion continued, and by the 1910s it was clear that the club would need larger facilities. In 1915, the Kansas City Club purchased property on the northwest corner of Thirteenth and Baltimore for $100,000 for a new clubhouse.
Construction on what became known as the Kansas City Club Building first began in 1917. Lack of funding from the club (total costs reportedly reached $2.5 million) coupled with a wartime shortage of building materials slowed progress, and substantial work was delayed until after the end of World War I. Architect Charles A. Smith and the firm of Smith, Rea, and Lovitt were commissioned to design the new building. The fourteen-story building was designed in the Gothic Revival style, and had a steel structure with a brick and limestone exterior with terra cotta ornamentation. The interior was decorated with features such as plaster, carved stone, and hand-hewn walnut wood. The building was completed and opened in 1922. It originally contained a multitude of facilities available for members of the Kansas City Club: guest rooms, meeting rooms, bars, lounges, athletic facilities, a swimming pool, a banquet hall, and a rooftop terrace.
The Kansas City Club flourished for several decades following the opening of the clubhouse. Its members included prominent locals such as Tom Pendergast, Robert A. Long, and national figures such as Presidents Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and General Omar Bradley. Membership reached a peak of 2,000 in the 1980s, and then began a precipitous decline, a trend seen in city clubs nationwide. In 2001, with membership below 900, the Kansas City Club merged with the also-struggling University Club. The Kansas City Club sold its own clubhouse and moved into the University Club’s building on 918 Baltimore Avenue. In 2002 the former clubhouse was converted into an apartment complex called Baltimore Lofts. Meanwhile the Kansas City Club continued to struggle in its new location, and eventually shuttered in 2015. That same year the Kansas City Club Building was purchased by Platform Venture, which renovated some of the building’s facilities into luxury event spaces called the Brass on Baltimore. In 2018 it announced a $59.5 million project to convert the apartments in the building into a 144-room hotel. An office building and parking garage will be constructed behind it as well.
Collins, Leslie. “Renovations at former Kansas City Club blend old, new into stunning.” Kansas City Business Journal. October 21, 2015. Accessed July 11, 2018. https://www.bizjournals.com/kansascity/news/2015/10/21/kansas-city-club-renovations-brass-on-baltimore.html
Collison, Kevin. “Major Redevelopment Plan Includes Historic KC Club, Muehlebach Hotel Buildings.” CityScene KC. May 21, 2018. Accessed July 11, 2018. https://cityscenekc.com/major-redevelopment-plan-includes-historic-kansas-city-club-muehlebach-hotel-buildings/
Davis, Mark. “The Kansas City Club padlocks its doors and pursues bankruptcy.” The Kansas City Star. May 26, 2015. Accessed July 11, 2018. https://www.kansascity.com/news/business/article22360131.html
“Experience The Brass on Baltimore!” The Brass on Baltimore. Accessed July 11, 2018. http://www.thebrassonbaltimore.com
Hollar, Katie. “Kansas City Club, University Club will merge.” Kansas City Business Journal. July 25, 2001. Accessed July 11, 2018. https://www.bizjournals.com/kansascity/stories/2001/07/23/daily16.html
“If Walls Could Talk.” Helix Architecture + Design, Inc. July 7, 2015. Accessed July 11, 2018. http://www.helixkc.com/renovation/walls-talk/
Millstein, Cydney E. “Kansas City Club Building.” National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places. 2002. Accessed July 11, 2018. https://dnr.mo.gov/shpo/nps-nr/02001401.pdf
Image 1: https://www.apartments.com/baltimore-lofts-kansas-city-mo/1sdn0f5/
Image 2: http://www.helixkc.com/renovation/walls-talk/
Image 3: https://www.kcweddings.com/ceremony-reception-sites/brass-on-baltimore-905/