Joe Gans and the Goldfield Hotel Historical Marker
Backstory and Context
Joe Gans, born Joseph Saifuss Butts on November 25th, 1874, was the first American-born black boxing world champion. Butts was adopted and took his mother’s last name, Gant. In response to the media misspelling his name, the young boxer simply changed it to “Gans.” In 1902 Gans won “the world lightweight boxing title in Fort Erie, Canada, with a spectacular one-round knockout of the defending champion, Frank Erne.”
During his storied career, Gans was known as the “Old Master” and was one of the first to fight with gloves marking the transition from the era of bare-knuckle fights to the modern era. For eighteen years Gans fought in three divisions: featherweight, lightweight, and welterweight. Gans achieved 150 career wins with at least 100 knockouts.
Joe Gans invested a significant amount of his winnings into businesses within his Baltimore community. Gans opened a saloon, a gymnasium, as well as the Goldfield Hotel and its nightclub at this location. Gans opened the Goldfield Hotel with his winnings from his most famous fight against Oscar Nelson which occurred in Goldfield, Nevada in 1906. The fight lasted 42 rounds and Nelson ended up being disqualified for personal fouls. In 1908, Gans fought Nelson two more times and lost both matches. By that time in his career, Gans was succumbing to tuberculosis and died of the disease in 1910.
The Goldfield Hotel opened on October 29th, 1907, with a “gala celebration and crowds overflowing on Colvin Street (then Chestnut Street).” 1 The hotel’s club is where Eubie Blake, a future jazz great, got his start as a piano player. The club was one of the first integrated clubs in the community as both white and black Baltimoreans were welcome in an era where the color line was often strictly enforced and black musicians either played at white-only clubs or played for black audiences in black-owned clubs. Gans' success with his hotel venture inspired other boxers to follow in his footsteps. for example, heavyweight champion Jack Johnson established a nightclub in New York.
Joe Gans died at the age of 35 from tuberculosis on August 10th, 1910. The hotel was later used as a grocery store and then was demolished in the 1960s. Now the site is home to a post office complex but a small marker shares the story of Joe Gans and the Goldfield Hotel.
"Joe Gans and the Goldfield Hotel Marker." The Historical Marker Database. Accessed February 17, 2015.
"Welcome To The Glory Days of Boxing." Joe Gans. Accessed February 18, 2015.
Special Collections, Maryland State Archives. Accessed February 18, 2015.