Battery Cheves is a Confederate artillery emplacement located on James Island in Charleston Harbor, Charleston, South Carolina.
Cheves is a Confederate artillery emplacement which played a crucial role in
the coastal defense system of Charleston, South Carolina. It is located on the southeastern
corner of James Island at Charleston Harbor and had the responsibility of
helping in the defense of James and Morris islands.
battery is named in honor of Captain Langdon Cheves, a Confederate engineer who
was most well-known for constructing the Gazelle, a hot air balloon
used for battlefield observation. The Gazelle was used in June 1862 at
Richmond, Virginia, during the Battle of Seven Pines. Captain Cheves was also
known for directing the construction of Battery Wagner, a Confederate artillery
emplacement, which was critical to the coastal defenses of Charleston, South
Carolina, and located on Morris Island. A wealthy South Carolina aristocrat
prior to the war, Captain Cheves was killed in action on Morris Island in
Charleston on July 10, 1863.
earthen fortification held four, eight-inch smooth bore heavy artillery pieces.
It is 280 feet long and 240 feet deep with a 12.5-foot high parapet and a
15-foot high powder magazine.