Hope Lodge - Whitemarsh Re-enactment
Backstory and Context
After the defeat at the Battle of Germantown, General George Washington and the Continental forces regrouped at Whitemarsh in November 1777. In early December General William Howe ordered 10,000 Royal troops to march it Whitemarsh and destroy the American force. He used the same strategy that won him victories at Long Island 1776 and at Brandywine 1777 but this time he lacked the element of surprise. An unlikely spy, a Quaker woman, warned Washington of the Redcoats movements. Washington ordered troops to reinforce their positions with trenches and obstacles. He also deployed a unit of guerrilla soldiers to disrupt the British movements. The battle lasted two days and resulted in the Royal forces retreating back to Philadelphia.
After the British retreat Washington decided that Whitemarsh was too close to the city for a long term, winter encampment. Several locations were considered such as Reading and Bethlehem but Washington settled on Valley Forge. The Continental forces began their relocation on December 11, 1777.Today Hope Lodge holds a yearly re-enactment of the Battle of Whitemarsh. Hope Lodge was used as a hospital by General Washington’s Surgeon General John Cochran and as quarters for Major General Nathanael Greene during the encampment of Whitemarsh.