National Latino Education Institute
Backstory and Context
The Chicano Movement sparked the drive for Latinx individuals in Chicago to fight against the discrimination they faced in spaces not dominated by those in their communities. While different populations within the Latinx community fought for specific causes that affected them personally, all the efforts center around institutions recognizing their civil rights and providing equal opportunity.1 For Mary Gonzalez-Koenig, she grew frustrated with the economic conditions Latinx Chicagoans faced with no resolved. In an interview with WGN 9 news for Hispanic Heritage Month, she details how she traveled across Chicago on foot to connect with Latinx families and the struggles they faced.2 Most of the challenges related to a need for job training, leading Gonzalez-Koenig to mobilize and found the Spanish Coalition for Jobs. The naming of the organization stems form another political shift occurring that the time, the usage of the term “Latino/a”. The organization initially included Spanish rather than Latino/a since they wanted to combat the stereotypes associated with the term “Spanish”.3 The founder wanted the city to understand which community members the group will serve: working class, Spanish-speaking Chicago residents. However, her efforts did not go without controversy involving much larger corporations.
During the beginning phases of the organization, the Spanish Coalition of Jobs targeted companies in the city that were in high demand of workers, but the percentage of Latinx workers in power were very low. They reached out to companies such as the Illinois Bell Company and Jewel Osco company with demands such as “(1) A job training program for Latinos, (2) an increase of Latino workers, (3) the hiring of Latinos in administrative positions, (4) a greater increase in participation by community residents in the supervision of how Latinos were being processed for employment”.4 Both companies resisted making these accommodations, leading to over a year of negotiations and protesting until the demands were met. The Spanish Coalition for Jobs eventually saw the demands manifesting, allowing for more Latinx individuals in the city to be hired, as well as implementing systematic changes to continue such inclusion. Over time, more companies became to partner with the organization, allowing the group to expand its outreach and devote energy to creating programs to address a wider spectrum of issues such as media representation, politics, and direct service.5 The group accommodated the growing need for more space by opening its current location in 1984.
The National Latino Education Institute, “the nation’s oldest Latino-led provider of specialized professional and vocational job training programs”, has remained a staple within the Latinx Chicago community, as the institute has been open for over 40 years.6 Mary Gonzalez-Koening was the president for the majority of that time until her retirement in 2009, coinciding with the organization’s name change. The new name signifies the shift in the organization's focus; the staff felt that in order for the attendees to truly receive the best job opportunities, they needed to be equipped with the education and skills they might not have had access to during their youth. In turn, the institute focuses heavily on providing academic resources to those enrolled. Not only the efforts of Gonzalez-Koenig, the rest of the staff and its participants represent the power of a grassroots movement, but also greatly benefits poor and working class Latinx individuals who would be discriminated against in less diverse spaces. The organization’s ultimate goal was to allow the Latinx working class of Chicago to have a voice and space in professional spaces, and today many of the city’s Latinx working population can thank the institute for the improved working conditions.
2. Duarte, Lourdes. Through job training, she helped change Latino landscape in Chicago. WGN 9. September 21, 2018. Accessed May 31, 2019. https://wgntv.com/2018/09/21/through-job-training-she-helped-change-latino-landscape-in-chicago/.
3. Bystydzienski, Jill M.. Schacht, Steven P.. Forging Radical Alliances Across Difference: Coalition Politics for the
New Millennium. Rowman & Littlefield, 2001. 33.
4.Padilla, Felix. Kanellos, Nicolás. Handbook of Hispanic Cultures in the United States-Sociology. Arte Publico Press. 300.
5. Duarte (n. 2)
6. "NLEI Celebrates 44 Years of Changing Lives." Lawndale Bilingual Newspapers(Cicero)July 21, 2016. , 12-13.