Lackland Air Force Base
Backstory and Context
The property of Kelly Field west of Leon Creek, known once as “The Hill,” served as a training center with an inaugural class of 1,906 in November 1941. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, demand for military personnel skyrocketed and the War Department re-designated this as a pre-flight school and classification center for the Army Air Corps. Noting the additional demand at Kelly Field's flying school, the Adjutant General had this area separated from Kelly Field and what would soon become Lackland Air Force Base became the Army Air Corps' San Antonio Aviation Cadet Center on June 26, 1942. On Independence Day, the classification center, preflight school, station hospital, Air Force band, and other units from the Gulf Coast Army Air Forces Training Center were activated at the new facility.
The SAACC grow quickly, with 90,000 flight training candidates passing through the preflight school. By the end of 1942, recruits for basic training also started coming to the center to receive their training in a tent city on site. Throughout the course of the war, the center offered multiple training missions for officer candidates as well as directly commissioned officers.
Following the end of World War II, the center closed on June 30, 1945. The area was later re-designated as the San Antonio District, Army Air Forces Personnel Distribution Command. The facility was tasked with reassigning or separating soldiers from service overseas over the next year. While most war-time training camps closed, the Army re-designated "The Hill" as the Army Air Forces Military Training Center on February 1, 1946. The Hill was given what would become its central mission: providing basic military training for the Army Air Force. This new mission also brought the Officer Candidate School to San Antonio from Maxwell Field, Alabama. November 1 of the same year brought another re-designation as the Indoctrination Division.
After all of these name changes, the War Department decided to name the facility after Brigadier General Frank D. Lackland, the officer who originated the idea of aviation cadet reception and training at Kelly Field. On July 11, 1947, Lackland became the official name of the base that would become known as “the gateway to the Air Force.”
The first permanent technical training at the base came in 1954, when the OCS implemented the USAF Recruiting Course, with the first technical training unit, the 3275th, transferred from Parks AFB, California in 1956. The next year, cryptographic equipment maintenance training came from Scott AFB in Illinois. 1958 saw new missions relating to air police training at the base. Until 1962, the Officer Candidate School was producing reserve officers from the enlisted corps. The Officer Training School commissioned college graduates with no previous service as well as airmen who received undergraduate degrees until the school moved to Maxwell AFB in 1993.Lackland’s infrastructure was heavily outdated, with mostly temporary buildings that dated back to World War II and still remained there through the Korean War. This prompted a big mobilization and building project for the base. The first wing of the permanent hospital went up in 1957, with an additional wing being added in 1961, bringing the total beds for the base to 1,000 and displacing most of the temporary buildings that acted as the hospital complex. 109 World War II barracks were torn down and replaced by the main Base Exchange complex, and additional facilities for recruit housing and training were constructed between 1966 and 1971. Permanent dormitories and personnel quarters became a priority in 1976 as the temporary structures were being removed. In April 2001, Kelly AFB closed and transferred its operation missions and property west of the hanger line to Lackland, giving the base its first runway.
"JBSA-Lackland." Joint Base San Antonio. Accessed April 25, 2019. https://www.jbsa.mil/Information/History/JBSA-Lackland/.
Images from the Historical Marker Database, hmdb.org