Fort Benning, previously Camp
Benning, was named after Henry L. Benning, a renowned general in the
Confederate Army. Established in October 1918, Fort Benning was originally intended
to provide soldiers basic training during World War I. During this time, Dwight
D. Eisenhower served from December 1918 until March 1919. Camp Benning was only
to be used temporarily and closed shortly after the war. Although, by February 1920, Camp
Benning was officially approved as a permanent military post and provided with 1
million dollars of funds for the Infantry School. The Infantry School became
the first tenant unit of several to come for Benning. By this time, over 7,000 troops, 350
officers, and 650 student officers were able to call Camp Benning home.
In 1922, Camp Benning became better
known as Fort Benning. During World War II, Fort Benning was made up of nearly
197,159 acres where it was home to the 555th Parachute Infantry
Battalion, an all-black airborne unit of the U.S. Army. This training was a
huge milestone for African Americans at this time.
Fort Benning continued to promote
their mission and provide proper training for troops. In order to prepare
paratroopers, another tenant unit, Airborne school, was put into place in 1942.
Today, only three towers remain from the original. Ranger Training was
established later in 1950 to produce combat ready soldiers and leaders through its
vast training of skill and tactics. This became the very first Ranger Infantry
Fort Benning is a continuously growing
military society supporting thousands of soldiers, veterans, and military families while enforcing preparation in deployment
of air, highway, and rail. This continuously developing organization strives to
provide soldiers and leaders of the U.S. Army preeminent training and housing
while promoting discipline of their mission. Artifacts through the years of Fort
Benning can be found at The National Infantry Museum. Through the artifacts and
history of Fort Benning, you are able to see years of advancements in technique
and the overall shaping of our nation.