Shiloh Baptist Church
During the 1960s and the Civil Rights Movement, Albany began to have its own set of Civil Rights marches after five Black teenagers were arrested for sitting in a “for whites only” part of a downtown bus station. The following protests and marches resulted in 600 more arrests, eventually prompting national attention and causing Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. to visit Albany. It was here at the Shiloh Baptist Church that mass meetings for the following civil rights marches were organized, and where Dr. King gave speeches to those organizing for the mass demonstrations. The Shiloh Baptist Church actually overflowed with the number of people attending, estimated at over 1,500, with overflow crowds going to Old Mt. Zion Baptist Church across the street. In the end, over the next two years, hundreds of protestors were detained by Chief Laurie Pritchett, prompting Dr. King to feel as though the Marches were a failure as he ran out of protestors willing to risk arrest. However, the local organizers disagreed, with record-breaking African American voter registration being so successful that segregation was removed from the law in Albany the following spring. In 2014 a historical marker was erected in front of the church by the Georgia Historical Society and the Albany Civil Rights Institute to commemorate the historic organizing and gathering that took place here. Today the Shiloh Baptist Church still actively serves the local community.
Backstory and Context
The history of Shiloh Baptist Church begins in 1888 when Reverend Sam Byrd came to Georgia. He and his followers took an old wooden frame house and molded it into a church, naming it the Shiloh Baptist Church. The old wooden building had tattered walls, barren floors, boarded windows, planked ceilings, and makeshift steeples. Reverend Bryd led the community until his death in 1914. Following the passing of Rev. Bryd, the community would go through several reverends until Rev. H. C. Boyd, known for his time in the Civil Rights Movement, joined the community in 1959.
Tragedy struck the community when, on February 19th, 1940, a tornado destroyed the original church building. Services for the community were held at Mt. Hebron Missionary Baptist Church and Simpson Hall until the church was rebuilt.
Under the guidance of Rev. H. C. Boyd, the church expanded massively over the next few years after his arrival. The church purchased additional property to create a larger parking area, erected an educational building, purchased vans that were to be used by its members, and completed several major renovation projects. The church also established a security team for the congregation’s safety, due to the rising amount of racial crime in this era.
During the 1960s the Shiloh Baptist Church played a major part in the Civil Rights Movement. The church was used by Black organizers to hold meetings and create plans for local civil rights marches. A coalition of Black improvement associations and student activists from SNCC and Albany State College organized at the church. The group set an unprecedented goal for the time, desegregating the entire community, from bus stations to lunch counters.
In 1961 Albany Georgia experienced its first civil rights march after the arrest of five Black teenagers. The teenagers had performed a sit-in at a local downtown bus station, sitting in a “For whites only” area, and defied police orders to leave, promptly being arrested. Following the sit-in, larger protests ensued and resulted in 600 more arrests, causing national attention and for Dr. King to visit Albany.
Dr. King’s visit caused a massive turnout, an estimated 1,500 people gathered at Shiloh Baptist Church, with an overflow crowd having to be hosted at the nearby Mt. Zion Baptist Church across the street. In December of 1961, Dr. King and hundreds of Black protestors were arrested in just one week. Dr. King would continue to organize and assist the movement from Shiloh Baptist Church but left in 1962 believing the movement had failed in Albany. Local organizers believed the contrary and simply thought the marches were a missed beat as African American voter registration was incredibly successful. Only two months after Dr. King had left Albany an African American businessman by the name of Thomas Chatmon secured a seat in the local commission and in the following spring the local commission removed all segregation from the books.
In 2014 a historical marker was erected in front of the church by the Georgia Historical Society and the Albany Civil Rights Institute to commemorate the historic organizing and gathering that took place here. The Reverend that had been the leader during the time of the Civil Rights movement, Rev. H. C. Boyd, passed away in 2016 at the age of 89. Today the church is still an active church that serves the local community.
Community mourns the death of Civil Rights icon Rev. Boyd, Walb News 10. June 29th 2016. Accessed December 9th 2020. https://www.walb.com/story/32331399/community-mourns-the-death-of-civil-rights-icon-rev-boyd/.
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Lewis, Terry. Charles Burney to be installed as Shiloh Baptist Church’s new pastor, Albany Herald. February 10th 2017. Accessed December 9th 2020. https://www.albanyherald.com/news/local/charles-burney-to-be-installed-as-shiloh-baptist-church-s-new-pastor/article_30eed654-faf0-53ea-a080-26a0810292a5.html.
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Shiloh's History, Shiloh Baptist Church. Accessed December 9th 2020. https://www.shilohbapt325albanyga.org/our-history.
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Turner, Irene. Albany Civil Rights Institute, New Georgia Encyclopedia. June 15th 2007. Accessed December 9th 2020. https://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/education/albany-civil-rights-institute.