Site of the First Ohio State Football Game
Backstory and Context
The Ohio State University was founded as a result of the Morrill Act, proposed in 1859 by James Morrill of Vermont. His desire was to provide federal funding for state universities as at the time the majority of higher education was a result of churches creating school branches. The Act became law in 1862; Ohio was the nineteenth state to accept the act two years later in 1864. After passing the act, the Ohio General Assembly began to sell federally provided land to fund a new school. At first, people argued about how to use the new finances as existing schools wanted to utilize some of the funds for their own programming. However, as a result of the agricultural nature of Ohio, the locals believed they would benefit from a new agricultural school. This decision resulted in the 1870 Cannon Act, which established the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, now known as Ohio State University. The school was founded in 1872. Today, Ohio State is known for its football team and legendary players; however, for its first 18 years of existence, it lacked a team altogether.
There were early efforts in 1886 and 1877 to start a team, but they were unsuccessful. Yet on May 3, 1890, against all odds, the Ohio State Buckeyes of Columbus made their way 20 miles along the Olentangy River in horse drawn carriages all the way to Delaware, Ohio to face off against the Ohio Wesleyan Battling Bishops. At the time, the trip which now takes about a half an hour, took several hours. The game was played at 9:30 in the morning, implying that either the team traveled early in the morning or stayed overnight the night before. The game was a result of an invitation by Ohio Wesleyan as part of their May Day weekend, a predecessor to the modern Labor Day holiday. In the end, the new Ohio State team gained victory over the Battling Bishops with a final score of 20-14.
For years no one knew the exact site of that original game. However, in 2007 a former athletic director of Ohio Wesleyan University went searching for the answer. He found a letter in the archives from a player of the game in 1890. The player mentioned a creek in the county called Delaware Run, a small body of water stemming from the West Branch Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania. It was from this letter that officials were able to determine the site of the original game. On May 3, 2008, fans of the two teams came together in Delaware, OH to dedicate a historical marker to the groundbreaking game.
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