Located in the historic former Caledonia School which was constructed in 1876, this local history museum includes a variety of exhibits drawn from the collection of the Big Springs Historical Society that present the history of the Genesee River Valley and its people. Highlights of the museum include exhibits related to the Native American inhabitants of the region, early settlers and agricultural history, and artifacts from the oldest fish hatchery in the nation. The museum also includes exhibits related to military history including artifacts from the Civil War, an extensive collection of historic clothing and textiles, and artifacts related to early businesses, and items that interpret the lives and perspectives of area African American communities. For those who are interested in the history of the region, the historical society maintains an accessible database of digitized items from their growing archive.
Given the museum's location in a historic school building, there are also exhibits related to public education. Visitors to the museum and historical society can also utilize a growing collection of resources for historians and genealogists including photographs, documents, and diaries, and newspapers. The archive contains extensive files of information on the early settlers and inhabitants of Caledonia/Mumford, as well as countless artifacts of agricultural life from the early 1830s to the present. Members of the Big Springs Historical Society are also working to digitize their holdings, making these items available online.