The Preston County Courthouse Complex was built in 1930. It is a good example of the Art Deco or Public Style building of this period. There are only a few of this type of Courthouse in the state. It is constructed of beautiful pink sandstone.
On the Courthouse lawn is a cannon, last fired in April,
1861 in defense of Fort Sumter. This cannon was called a Columbian Siege Gun.
It is 12 feet long, has an 8 inch bore, and weighs 8,500 pounds. The Town
fathers, thinking the cannon weighed 51,000 pounds, buried stone ten feet deep
under the foundation for the cannon. It took three teams of horses to bring the
cannon uptown from the Morgantown and Kingwood Railroad station. Plans for the
Soldier's Monument, which stands on the lawn, began in 1893. Lunches and
dinners were served at the courthouse to raise funds for the project. One year
later, the site on the Courthouse lawn was selected. Preston County led the
entire United States in Union patriotism by volunteering the largest percentage
of its population to government service. After almost ten years of raising the
money, the statue was placed on top of the 36 foot high monument of white beryl
granite from Vermont. On the day of dedication, 5,000 visitors attended,
including one hundred Civil War veterans. The Preston County Jail, built in
1925, sits just west of the courthouse. It is constructed of Kingwood