The Flower Mound
Believed to have been built by the Wichita tribe in the early 1800s, this ceremonial mound is named after the bountiful wildflowers that grow around the mound. The Mound sprawls across twelve acres and rises fifty feet over the surrounding land. Before settlers came in the late 1800s, a band of Wichita Indians inhabited the area and it is believed that they constructed the mound.
Backstory and Context
Much like the Caddo Indians of East Texas, the Wichita Indians lived a lifestyle of trade and agriculture.3 The Wichita Indians had three major types of tribal leaders: chiefs, sub-chiefs, and shamans. The shamans were religious leaders that were important because they controlled the preparation and practice of ceremonies. There is no official documentation on specific ceremonies held by the Wichita Indian shamans on The Flower Mound. However, since the shamans lead the ceremonies, it is inferred that these services were primarily religious ceremonies.
Consolvo made it his goal to protect and preserve the beauty of The Flower Mound from the rapidly developing town. In 1983, Consolvo struck a deal with the Town Council and a land developer whereby the mound would forever be protected. Today the mound is preserved by the members of the Flower Mound Foundation, a small, nonprofit organization. Descendents of the Wichita and others continue to hold ceremonies, including the Easter Sunrise Service held at the mound.
2. Parker, Jonathan “Toponymy & Environmental Identity,” Comp. Cult 7 (2013): 64-86.
3. Vehik, Susan C. “Wichita Culture History,” Plains Anthropologist 37, no. 141 (1992): 311-32.
4. “The Flower Mound and The Flower Mound Foundation,” Flower Mound, accessed March 4, 2018, https://www.flower-mound.com/683/The-Flower-Mound-and-The-Flower-Mound-Fo/.
5. Urban sprawl is the uncontrolled spread of urban areas.
6. A toponym is a name of a place derived from a topographical feature.