The museum holds 30,000 items from weapons and uniforms to photographs and personal belongings of soldiers from the 19th and 20th centuries. The museum has a diverse range of exhibits on display year round including permanent exhibits such with titles such as America at War, Forts on the Frontier and Story of the Jeep. The museum also houses a library of over 9,000 books and military literature for visitors to view during their visit.
Outside the museum, one can find numerous amounts of military transportation in the form of airplanes, artillery vehicles, jeeps, and even rebuilt Sherman Tanks. The museum also features a section known as the education center. The education center is home to three exhibits that all deal with different events in Minnesota Military history. Through its extensive collection and timeless artifacts, the Minnesota Military Museum captures the rich history of the Minnesota natives that served within the United States military. The museum also helps to educate and inform the public of the military history within the state of Minnesota.