Located within a former U.S. Customs House that was constructed in the midst of the Civil War, the Niagara Falls Underground Railroad Heritage Area serves as a museum with many exhibits and programs that interpret the history of the refugees who fled to Canada to escape the possibility of re-enslavement in America. For many formerly enslaved persons, this site was an important part of their journey to Canada along the Underground Railroad.
The crossing at Niagara Falls were often the final destination within the United States for runaway slaves who fled the American South with the goal of reaching Canada. The Niagara Falls area was home to a small but active abolitionist community who were willing to help runaway slaves escape the United States. The Falls marked the end of the journey in the United States, but runaways often traveled many more miles to established black farming enclaves in what was then known as Canada West.