Excelsior Shoe Factory (Sole Choice)
Excelsior Shoe Factory was established in 1889 and soon became one of the most prominent employers in Portsmouth. This factory on Murray Street opened in 1914. Founded as the Excelsior Shoe Company, the business produced shoes throughout the early 20th century. The nephews of founder John E. Williams reorganized the family business and created a shoelace factory under the name Williams Manufacturing. Several other shoe factories operated in and around Portsmouth at this time and only one was eliminated by the Great Flood of 1937. In 1950, two large shoe companies-Excelsior and Shelby- accounted for about one-eighth of Portsmouth’s total workforce. A flood of foreign competition left a more lasting mark on the industry than the river floods that temporarily stymied production. Foreign competition led to the closure of the shoe factories although this building was still in use thanks to Mitchell Manufacturing which survived by focusing on the production of shoelaces in multi-packs under the name Mitchellace. Although the region was once home to many shoe factories, this former Excelsior Shoe Factory building is home to the only surviving company. Sole Choice is one of the last remaining American companies to manufacture shoe-related products. Perhaps a fitting metaphor for an industry that once employed thousands in the area, Sole Choice operates out of a small portion of the former Excelsior factory.
Backstory and Context
Three of John Williams' nephews, Forest L. Williams, Sr. and his brothers, A. Graves Williams and Paul Grant Williams, took inspiration from their uncle and formed Williams Manufacturing. During the Depression, this company grew because they were able to sell inexpensive shoes for adults and children. Area shoe companies such as Selby Shoes specialized in more expensive shoes for women and found their fortune decline. Selby closed their doors for good in 1957-a harbinger for the rest of the industry throughout Portsmouth and the Scioto Valley. Williams was the last shoe manufacturer in the region and ceased operations in 1976.
Mitchell Manufacturing was created in 1902 and also specialized in making shoelaces and accessories in the region until factories overseas eclipsed domestic production.
Feight, Andrew Lee. Sole Choice & the Portsmouth Shoe Industry. Accessed January 25, 2018. http://www.sciotohistorical.org/items/show/44.
Portsmouth, OH Shoe Companies pictures, and information. Accessed January 25, 2018. http://www.portsmouthinfo.net/shoe-companies.html.