Carrie later married David Nation giving her the famed name. There has been some debate about the spelling of Carrie's name. The spelling Carry A. Nation was trademarked in Kansas by Carrie as a gimmick in her public speaking endeavors. The registered spelling was a play on words in reference to moving the nation toward a more morally centered society in line with the temperance movement. David and Carrie bought a marital home in Medicine Lodge, Kansas where Carrie helped organize a local chapter of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.
It was in Kansas that Carrie's actions gained her notoriety and garnered her legal trouble. Carrie began demolishing bars while spreading her message. An incident at the Carey Hotel in Wichita, KS saw Nation destroy the bar with rocks and bricks nearly causing physical harm to some patrons. She later began using a hatchet instead perhaps because she would be able to wield it with more precision. The destruction of property landed Carrie in jail many times. When she realized her association with the hatchet had become widely known, Carrie began selling souvenir hatchets to pay court fees and fines.