The process of erecting this building began in 1957 by L. Quincy Mumford, who was the Librarian of Congress. After congress made plans to fund the construction in 1960, it wasn’t until five years later that they received approval of 75 million dollars for building. The foundation was laid in June of 1971, and superstructure was completed in 1976. The building did not officially open until May 28, 1980, twenty-three years after plans were made to construct the building
The building is named after our fourth president,
James Madison. As a founding father of
the United States, he composed drafts of the Constitution and the Bill of
Rights. He oversaw the Louisiana
Purchase as secretary of state for Thomas Jefferson. During Madison’s presidency, he led the U.S.
into the War of 1812.
The James Madison Building is the biggest library
structure in the world with its impressive 1.5 million square feet of
space. This makes it one of the three
biggest building in Washington D.C. The
building was designed under the architecture firm of Roscoe DeWitt, who was a
Monuments Man during WWII. The statue of
Madison that sits inside the building was sculpted by Walker K. Hancock, who
was a fellow Monuments Man. The Monuments Men was a special forces group of American and British museum directors, curators, and art historians who preserved European artwork from being destroyed during the Nazi reign in Europe. Since this
building was designed to help preserve our nations cultural treasures, it makes
it fitting for these two men to be involved with the experience they had doing
the same for Europe’s culture.
There are many sights to see inside and out of the
building. Over the main entrance is a
four story bronze relief of falling books.
Madison was a man of books which played a major role in how he formed
important American documents and coming up with the idea for a Library of
Congress. Inside you find the statue as
mentioned above, Madison as a young man, holding a copy of the eighty third
volume of Encyclopedie Methodique. At
the end of the hall there are two medallions showing Madison in different
ways. One being his profile, and the
other showing him at work.
Long before Madison became president, he was born in
Port Conway, Virginia on March 16, 1751.
He was raised on the family plantation, but left for the College of New
Jersey when he turned 18. After he graduated
his interest peaked in what was about to become the Revolutionary War. He was given the rank of Colonel in the
Orange County militia, but gave up his military role for a political one. In 1776, he represented Orange County in the
Virginia Constitution Convention and organized a new state government not under
British rule. During this time he met
lifelong friend Thomas Jefferson, and grew farther into politics,
essentially leading him to become the fourth President of the United States.