Stones River National Cemetery
A Stones River National Cemetery Headstone
Overview of the rectangular cemetery.
Backstory and Context
Murfreesboro spans both sides of the Stones River and was the site of a three-day battle between Union forces led by General Rosecrans and Confederate troops under the command of General Braxton Bragg.
The battle saw 23,000 casualties and about 3,000 men perished from their wounds. Rosecrans and Bragg both planned to attack their opponent's right flank, but for three days, neither was able to achieve this objective or deliver a decisive blow to their enemy. While Confederate forces pushed the Union back, they later retreated owing to the Union's capacity to maintain a strong defensive line and withstood repeated attacks by the Confederates. Owing to delayed supplies, the Confederacy was not able to take advantage of their initial momentum. General Breckinridge, who had joined Bragg in the fight, was ordered to attack the strongly held Union position on a hill. The Union had the upper hand with their vantage point and overwhelming firepower forced the Confederate soldiers to withdraw.
After the battle, Union troops fortified the town and it became a supply depot. Creation of the cemetery began in 1865 and within the next three years, the remains of 6,100 Union soldiers were reburied in the cemetery. The cemetery has two monuments: The U.S. Regulars Monument which commemorates the men who were part of the Union's Western Regular Brigade and were killed during the battle. The second monument is dedicated to the 43rd Wisconsin and the 108th Ohio regiments. These two regiments protected Nashville and the Chattanooga Railway line during the Union siege.
National Park Service. Stones River National Cemetery. Accessed 21 September 2017. https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/national_cemeteries/tennessee/stones_river_national_cemetery.html
Wikipedia. Battle of Stones River. 24 September 2016. Accessed 21 September 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Stones_River.