The Cleveland Museum of Natural History is among the top ten natural history museums in the country. It was established in 1920 and eventually became one of the best scientific research institutions in the world. Its collection numbers over five million artifacts and research specimens from around the world, representing the fields of archaeology, anthropology, botany, geology, paleontology, astronomy, zoology, and wildlife biology. The museum's collection features numerous memorable artifacts and specimens including a T-Rex skeleton, a cast of the early hominid Lucy, and 3,100 human skeletons and 900 primate skeletons that comprise the Harmann-Todd Collection. Science education is an important focus of the museum and to that end, it offers a wide variety of programs for visitors of all ages including summer camps and lectures.
The museum's origins date back to the 1830s, when a group of 26 young men interested in natural sciences displayed their collections of animal specimens in a small wooden building, dubbed the Ark, on Public Square. The men earned the nickname Arkites. Their enthusiasm led to the founding of the museum in 1920.