San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center
Backstory and Context
After WWI, Major Charles H. Kendrick conceived the idea of combining the new performing hall with the growing demand throughout the nation for memorials commemorating the heroes of the war. In October 1922, an Architectural Advisory Committee was appointed created, chaired by Bernard Maybeck, it included Willias Polk and many other prominent architects. In January 1923, they decided to erect an Opera House, American Legion Building, and Art Museum.
Foundation work commenced on January 28, 1931. The cornerstones were laid on Armistice Day, 1931. The complex was dedicated on Admission Day, September 9, 1932. The Opera House opened on Saturday evening, October 15, 1932, with a performance of Puccini's La Tosca, with Maestro Merola conducting and the great Claudia Muzio in the title role. When it opened, it was the first municipally owned opera house in the world.
In April, May and June of 1945, towards the end of WWII, the two buildings of the War Memorial served as the birthplace of the United Nations. Most of the meetings and ceremonies of the Conference took place in the Veterans Building, but it was on the great stage of the Opera House that President Truman and other heads of state and dignitaries signed the United Nations Charter at a plenary session on June 26, 1945.
San Francisco Landmark #84 War Memorial Complex. Noe Hill. Accessed May 21, 2017. http://noehill.com/sf/landmarks/sf084.asp.
San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center. Architect Magazine. Accessed May 21, 2017. http://www.architectmagazine.com/project-gallery/san-francisco-war-memorial-and-performing-arts-cent....
Photos: Wikimedia Commons