LDS Temple Lot, Independence
Backstory and Context
By 1830, members of Joseph Smith’s new church had made their way to the precipice of the American West: Jackson County, Missouri. The Saints, as they called themselves, went to do missionary work with the Native Americans in the neighboring Kansas territory. Impressed with the bustling frontier region, the Saints sent word to Smith that this land would be a perfect place for their people to settle. In 1831, through a divine revelation, Joseph Smith declared Independence as the City of Zion. This City was to become the center of the Mormon Church, as they believed Jesus would return there one day.
Between 1830 and 1833, 1200 saints—nearly half the total population of the Mormon Church—immigrated to Independence and Jackson County, raising the population of Jackson County by one third. They introduced the county’s first printing press and the first newspapers: The Evening and Morning Star. The saints were to also build a temple on a plot of land which now sits at 200 River Bend Boulevard in Independence.
That temple was never completed, as the Mormons were expelled from Missouri, and the land was seized by the government and contested until 1867 when the Church of Christ purchased the land. They established their headquarters and built a house of worship in 1884, which still stand today. However, this is not the temple envisioned by Joseph Smith or by his followers. The Church of Christ attempted to construct the temple in 1929, but ultimately failed.
In 1833, Edward Partridge, a Bishop in the Mormon Church, purchased the area surrounding the temple for the church as well as its congregants. Known as the ‘Greater Temple Lot,’ this 65-acre plot of land is owned by the Community of Christ, the second largest sect of the Mormon Church. On this land, they built the Stone Church in 1884, their headquarters and Auditorium in 1954, and dedicated the Independence Temple in 1994 although it is still not technically completed. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints also operates a Visitors Center, Social Services Center, and church which is used by local members of the Mormon Church.
"A Brief History of the Church of Christ." Church of Christ. Accessed May 2, 2017. http://www.churchofchrist-tl.org/about.html.
Baugh, Alexander L. "Religious Studies Center." Joseph Smith and the Redemption of Zion, 1834. Brigham Young University, n.d.
Kendall, Justin. "The Search for the Garden of Eden." Kansas City Pitch. September 6, 2007. https://culteducation.com/group/1057-the-mormon-church/14023-the-search-for-the-garden-of-eden.html.
Barooah, Jahnabi. "Mormon History And Theology: Missouri Is Land Of Zion And Location Of Second Coming." The Huffington Post. September 22, 2012.