The monument located at the Wetzel and Marshall county line in West Virginia is commonly, but falsely, believed to be marking the Mason-Dixon line that divided the North from the South during the United States Civil War. While many believe it to be a Mason-Dixon line marker, it is not. Although a sign near the Wetzel/Marshall County line tells the story of the Mason-Dixon line, the Mason-Dixon line borders Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland. The Wetzel/Marshall County line’s limestone fixture is, in fact, a monument signifying the transition between the WV counties.
Discovered sometime in July of 1929, this monument is
located right along the Wetzel/Marshall County border. The monument was
uncovered by Clarence Snow and his crewmen from the C&P Telephone Company.
When it was discovered, only the top of the monument was visible. The
workmen dug about two or three feet to uncover the wording at the bottom of the
The lettering on the western side of the stone read: County Line - 17
Miles & 50 poles - surface measure - from Penna. Corner - Joseph Mccoy -
and - John Gilchrist - Commissioners - May 27, 1833.
The south side read: Tyler county - Now - Wetzel - Co. April 6th -
1846 --. It appeared that the Now Wetzel County,” was written
after Tyler County had already been inscribed into the stone.
The north side of the stone reads: Ohio County - Erected
by - C. P. Wells - And - J. Gilchrist - Now - Marshall - County - May 1st A. D.
1835. Like Wetzel County, the Now Marshall County was
written in after Ohio County was already carved into the stone.
Marshall and Wetzel Counties were both created after Ohio and Tyler. Ohio
County was formed in 1776 and Tyler County was formed in 1814. Marshall County
broke off from Ohio County in 1835, and Wetzel formed from Tyler County in
The monument is often mistaken as a marker for the Mason-Dixon line, but
the Mason-Dixon ends in Board Tree, in the southwest corner of Pennsylvania,
which is relatively far from the site. The sign to the side of the
monument tells about the Mason-Dixon line, which likely leads to the
misconceptions regarding this historic monument.