Virginia Lodge No. 1 is a historic building in Harpers Ferry and is home to the oldest Independent Order of Odd Fellows lodge in West Virginia. The IOOF is one of the largest fraternal organizations in the world, and sponsors charitable programs and community service. The lodge in Harpers Ferry was established in 1833, with their meetings being held on the second floor of Harpers Ferry Methodist Church, and moved to the former U.S Armory Building that was sold to the Odd Fellows in 1865. Virginia Lodge No. 1 was the first lodge established in Virginia, and became the Grand Lodge of West Virginia shortly after the Civil War. Virginia Lodge No. 1 dwindled over the years, but was revived in 1992 by Robert L. Spencer. The Odd Fellows continue their mission of aiding the Harpers Ferry community today. The building became part of the Harpers Ferry Historic District.
The structure that became the Harpers Ferry IOOF’s lodge was
built around 1834 by the U.S. government and was originally designated as Armory
Building 23. For nearly twenty years the building served as one of the U.S.
Armory’s armorers. During the Civil War the building was used as an office for
the Union Provost Marshall, who acted as the military police, and soldiers were imprisoned
here. In the summer of 1862, photographers from Matthew Brady’s studio used the
building as a backdrop to photograph members of the 22nd New York State
Militia, who were stationed in Harpers Ferry at the time. Around this time many
soldiers wrote graffiti on the walls, which survive to this day. There is a
rumor that Abraham Lincoln spent the night in the building on October 1, 1862
while visiting the Army of the Potomac, but there is no documentation to prove
this claim. When the Civil War ended, the government donated Armory Building 23
to Virginia Lodge No. 1.
Virginia Lodge No. 1 can trace its origins back to the 1700s
with the creation of a new fraternal organization in England known as the Odd
Fellows. The organization was named because of their charitable activities,
which were considered very unusual at the time. The Order was based on the
principles of Friendship, Love, and Truth. Its goals were to provide assistance
and support to the sick, the orphaned, the widowed, and to provide a proper
burial for members. Odd Fellows lodges were established all over England, and
in 1819 the first lodge was established in the United States. In 1842 the
American lodges split from England, renaming themselves the Independent Order
of Odd Fellows.
On May 4, 1833, a lodge was
chartered in Harpers Ferry and was the first IOOF lodge in Virginia
(present-day West Virginia), receiving the designation of Virginia Lodge No. 1.
Originally the lodge held its meetings in the second floor of Harpers
Ferry’s Methodist Church. The outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 caused a
temporary halt in Virginia Lodge activities, which resumed in 1864. However, by
this time the Methodist Church had been destroyed in the conflict. In 1865 the
U.S. government allowed the lodge to use Armory Building 23, later selling it
to them in 1869. In December of 1865 the lodge came under the jurisdiction of
the new Grand Lodge of West Virginia, although it continued to go by the name
Virginia Lodge No. 1.
Over the years, Virginia Lodge
No. 1 became inactive. The building was included in the Harpers Ferry Historic District, established in 1979 and comprising around 100 structures throughout the city. The Lodge was reorganized in 1992 by Robert L. Spencer and building soon restored with funds from the IOOF. The Virginia Lodge
continues to be active in Harpers Ferry, performing community service and supporting
charities such as the Educational Foundation. Meetings are held on the first
and third Thursdays of every month.