Fort Loudoun was constructed in 1756 to serve as a defensive fortification against attacks from French forces and their Native American allies. The plans for the fort were drawn up by George Washington. Today, the fort is long gone, with only the well and the foundations of one of the barracks remaining. The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.


  • House currently standing on the center of the Fort Loudoun site
    House currently standing on the center of the Fort Loudoun site
  • Sketch of Fort Loudoun
    Sketch of Fort Loudoun
  • Fort Loudoun Historical Plaque
    Fort Loudoun Historical Plaque
  • Fort Loudoun roadside plaque
    Fort Loudoun roadside plaque
  • Close-up of the Fort Loudoun sign
    Close-up of the Fort Loudoun sign
  • Fort Outline, courtesy of the French and Indian War Foundation
    Fort Outline, courtesy of the French and Indian War Foundation

Fort Loudoun was commissioned by the Virginia House of Burgesses as part of a chain of defensive fortifications throughout Virginia. George Washington, at the time a Colonel attached to a local militia, drew up the plans and oversaw the construction of the Fort. Afterwards, it would serve as his regional headquarters. At the time, it was among the largest forts along the colonial frontier.

The structure of the fort consisted of four bastions at each corner and barracks capable of housing four hundred and fifty soldiers. It was constructed with a combination of logs and earth. The fort was supplied with water from a one hundred foot deep well dug into the limestone beneath it. At the time of construction, Fort Loudoun was equipped with fourteen cannons: four 12-pound guns and ten 4-pound guns. However, the original plans called for twenty-four guns.

Fort Loudoun is now long gone. The foundations and the well are all that are left of the original fortifications. The 2 story house that sits at the center of the site was constructed in the 1850s. The French and Indian War Foundation intends to use this building as an information office about the site.

Fort Loudoun. French and Indian War Foundation. http://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/history/fort-loudoun/.

Fort Loudoun Historic Site. Old Town Winchester. http://oldtownwinchesterva.com/business-directory/attractions-museums/fort-loudoun-historic-site/.