This fort is a replica of Fort Christmas, which was built by the US Army during the Seminole Indian War. The replica is a recent creation, built to mirror the original fort which was built by soldiers and recruits on December, 25, 1837. The Second Seminole War was the most deadly conflict in American history prior to the Civil War, lasting from 1835 to 1842. The fort includes guided tours, museum exhibits, and areas for outdoor recreation. The Orange County Parks and Recreation Department built the replica fort as part of Florida's celebration of the nation's bicentennial in 1976.
Christmas historical park is located at 1300 North Fort Christmas Road,
Christmas, Florida 32709. The Fort Christmas historical park and
museum is a historical sight that contains a restored Fort Christmas, a museum
pertaining to the fort and the second Seminole war, and seven restored cracker
houses that show the ways of living during the mid-1800’s (Fort Christmas Historical Park). This park
also has three picnic pavilions, play areas, grills, and holds events commonly.
History of Fort Christmas is rich with information and events. During the
1830’s and 1840’s there was an ever-increasing migration of white settlers into
Florida. Due to the continuous increase of
settlers, the demand to remove the native Seminole Indians to a reservation
west of the Mississippi was also rising. In 1832 a council was called amongst
the American government and the treaty of Payne's
Landing was signed in order to move the Indians to a Territory west of the
Mississippi River (Fort Christmas Historical Park). Most of the Seminoles did not agree with
this treaty and a resistance began to boil under the leadership of Osceola.
Osceola refused to sign the treaty and instead he took his knife and stuck it
into the document. In retaliation General Thompson had him
arrested and imprisoned (Fort Christmas Historical Marker). Osceola was released after fooling the
white men into believing that he would sign the treaty. From the moment he was
released he would start to form a more formal resistance against the whites. In
1835 all hell broke loose because of one ambush by the Seminoles.
Fort King was a major stronghold for the American army and was in desperate
need of reinforcements. So, on December 23, 1835 about 100 men and officers
left Fort Brooke for Fort King enduring a 100-mile march. At some
point during the long march the group of soldiers were ambushed and massacred.
All but three of the 111 men were killed and scalped. This event, known as the
Dade massacre is considered to be the starting point for the Second Seminole
war (Fort Christmas Historical Park).
years of mild success by the American forces more intense measures were needed
to push the Seminoles further back into Florida. In 1837 General Thomas Jesup
(the leading commander in Florida) decided to prepare to move his forces south,
where he believed a stronghold of Seminoles were. In preparation for
the trek, the general opened a road on the west
side of the St. Johns River and built a plethora of posts along the road to
serve as armory’s for operations to the south. On December 25, 1837, commander
Abraham Eustis and his troops established Fort Christmas. The fort
was made from wood and was used to store ammo, guns, and rations. It was right across a creek from an Indian village that was
abandoned. We know this from the journal kept by Captain
Jarvis. In his journal He wrote that “he rode his horse into the Indian
village and was immediately covered by fleas, so he made a retreat” (Fort Christmas Historical Park).
General Jesup eventually led troops south from Fort Christmas
early in January. By late January supplies were being distributed by water on
the St Lucie river and the fort was no longer needed. In March 1838
the fort was decommissioned and was left to rot (Fort Christmas Historical Park). Although the fort
did not endure any major events or warfare during the second Seminole war it
was still an important supply depot for Jesup's army. The town of Christmas,
Florida was named after the fort and a replica park was built to restore the
historical nature of the Christmas area.
In 1977 Orange County
Parks and Recreation Department and the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers constructed
the replica fort Christmas at the then-Picnic Grounds. It was completed in
December 1977, 140 years after the original Fort Christmas was completed on a
site approximately one mile north. Along with the reconstruction of the fort,
they eventually made a park and added the seven cracker houses and the museum.
The houses and museum are meant to show the way the crackers lived during this
time period. Within the museum there are countless amounts of artifacts and
replica clothing items such as 1800s military uniforms and traditional Seminole
wardrobes. The cracker houses are
interpreted to show pioneer life from the 1870s through the 1930s. Key themes
are homesteading, cattle, citrus, hunting, fishing and trapping. The houses and
structures you are able to see at the park include, the replica of fort Christmas,
the union school (1902), the lunch room (1932), the wheeler house (1905), brown
house (1904), and the Yates house (1890). All of these structures are fully
restored and safely accessible (Fort Christmas Historical Park).