Santee Indian Mound and Fort Watson
Located within Santee National Wildlife Refuge, Santee Indian Mound was likely built between 1200 and 1500 A.D. and is the easternmost example of the Mississippian native culture, of which the Santee people were a subgroup. It probably served as a burial mound or temple (or perhaps both). During the American Revolutionary War, the British built a fort, named Fort Watson, atop the mound as it provided an excellent vantage point from which to monitor Lake Marion. American forces eventually captured the fort in 1781, forcing the British to eventually abandon their attempt to take hold of the South Carolina backcountry. The mound was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969. Nothing remains of the fort.
Backstory and Context
"Santee Indian Mound and Fort Watson Site." Discover South Carolina. Accessed November 8, 2016. http://discoversouthcarolina.com/products/1228.
"Siege of Fort Watson." Wikipedia. Accessed November 8, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_Watson.