South Pass Historical Marker
South Pass became the route through the Rocky Mountains for most of the pioneering emigrants who traveled to the Pacific in the 19th century. This pass was traveled by Native peoples for centuries prior to the arrival of wagon trains and cavalry. This pass was also traversed by riders on the Pony Express prior to the completion of the Trans-Continental Railroad.
Backstory and Context
In 1842, a small seam of gold was discovered in the area which led to a number of mining communities springing up in hopes of making their fortune. The local gold rush led to the creation of South Pass City in Fremont County, Wyoming. Most of the Americans who came through the pass in the mid-19th century were travelling west along the Oregon Trail.
Bagley, Will. “South Pass: Gateway to a Continent”. University of Oklahoma press: (2014)
"South Pass." Dictionary of American History., and
"South Pass." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. "South Pass." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2016.