Swedish Club of Chicago
More than one million Swedes permanently emigrated to Chcago between 1845 and 1930, some stayed and others moved on to rural (farming) locations. By 1910, one-fifth of all people who were born in Sweden lived in the United States. Only Ireland and Norway lost a higher proportion of their population in the migration to America. The Swedish Club of Chicago adopted bylaws in 1922 that stated, "The object of this association shall be: to preserve Swedish Language, Customs, Song, Music, Art, and Industry; to promote Social Intercourse; to maintain a Club House and Library." (Source: Swedish-American Historical Society Library)
Backstory and Context
More than one million Swedes permanently emigrated to Chicago between 1845 and 1930, pushed by Sweden's overpopulation and late industrialized economy, and pulled to Chicago by the abundance of agricultural land in the Midwest and the Plains, as well as Chicago's ever-growing labor market. By 1910, one-fifth of all people who were born in Sweden lived in the United States; only Ireland and Norway lost a higher proportion of their popuation in the migration to America.1
In 1906 Svenska Glee-Klubben changed its name to Svenska Klubben and applied for incorporation in the State of Illinois in 1923, but the Secretary of State refused to
The object of this association shall be: to preserve Swedish Language, Customs, Song, Music, Art, and Industry; to promote Social Intercourse; to maintain a Club House and Library.3Over time, as immigration numbers waned and intermarriage depleted the purely-Swedish population (as is the case with most of the immigrants that arrived prior to, and during, the World War eras), the club transitioned mainly to a social club. And then, by 1884, rising costs and a rapidly declining membership forced its closure.
Today, like many immigrant groups, the enclave may be missing but the spirit lives on through a historical society; The Swedish-American Historical Society. On their site, it notes:
The Swedish–American Historical Society grew out of the national 1948 Swedish Pioneer Centennial celebration marking the 100th anniversary of the arrival of the first Swedish immigrants in the Midwest. In Chicago, 18,000 people filled the stadium on June 4th to hear President Truman, Prince Bertil of Sweden, Carl Sandburg, and representatives from many Swedish–American organizations. Four months later, on October 15, 1948, the leaders of the centennial celebration met in Chicago and formed the Society, originally called the Swedish Pioneer Historical Society.
The Swedish–American Historical Society is a nonprofit organization founded in 1948, with the mission of recording and interpreting the Swedish presence in America. The society is devoted to the mission of studying the Swedish emigration, its history and culture of the Swedes in North America through research, publications, programs and archives.
In 1983, the Board of Directors approved a change in the organization's name to the Swedish–American Historical Society. By then it had moved well beyond a focus on just the "pioneer" period and serves to promote interest in the entire Swedish presence in America, from the first settlers on the Delaware in 1638 to the present day.4