Russian Fort Elizabeth
In 1815 the Russians attempted to establish a trading post and military presence in Hawaii, which had been unified into one kingdom under King Kamehameha I. It was built by the Russian Trading Company, led by agent Georg Anton Schaffer who was also a physician. Schaffer was tasked with establishing the fort as well as recovering cargo that was lost in a wreck near Waimea and seized by Kaumuali'i, the island's chief, in 1815. Ultimately, the Russias failed to achieve these goals and the fort came into the possession of the Kingdom of Hawaii. The fort had eight sides, was several hundred feet wide and its walls were 20 feet high. Interpretive panels tell visitors about the site's history.
Backstory and Context