Fred Harvey, the entrepreneur behind Harvey Houses, envisioned stops where travelers could enjoy a hot delicious meal, purchase some souvenirs, or even stay the night. Harvey Houses--as they became known--operated along the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, Gulf Coast and Santa Fe, Kansas Pacific, and St. Louis-San Francisco Railways.
Harvey is often credited with establishing the first chain restaurant, promoting the Southwest, and innovations in business and marketing. Particularly his employment of attractive Harvey Girls. Harvey placed ads in newspapers for his Harvey Girls. He wanted well-mannered, educated, white young women between the ages of 18 and 30. The girls were provided room and board (including supervision), and were entitled to any gratuities.
The Barstow station--called The Casa del Desierto Station-- was built in 1911. It replaced an earlier station that had burned down in 1908.
The Casa del Desierto was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.