Fleeing conspirators John Wilkes Booth and David Herold spent four and a half days in a pine thicket near a swamp to evade federal troops seeking those guilty of President Lincoln’s death. With the help of Confederate sympathizers and plenty of whiskey, the traitors managed to remain hidden until they could gain passage across the Potomac River.
The pine thicket is located at Rich Hill in what is now called Bel Alton, Maryland. The marker is located at the intersection of Bel Alton Newtown Road
and Wills Road.
John Wilkes Booth and David Herold were part of a plan to
assassinate the top three executive officials of the U.S.
government for the purpose of punishing the Union
for its “aggression” against the Southern States and to allow the installation
of more Confederate-leaning politicians.
Booth had slain President Lincoln on April 14, 1865 at Ford’s
Theater. Herold wounded but failed to
slay Secretary of State William Seward.
The two fled the nation’s capitol fleeing south to southern Maryland where
Confederate sympathizers were expected to greet them as heroes.
On April 16, Booth and Herold arrived at Rich Hill, the home
of Confederate sympathizer Colonel Samuel Cox.
The two fugitives were given food and a place to sleep, but Cox’s home
was too well known. Cox led the two men
into a ‘pine thicket’ where they would wait for another sympathetic smuggler,
neighbor Thomas Jones. Jones hid the men
in a patch of woods near his house, giving them food and other aid. There Booth and Herold waited four and a half
days until they got passage across the Potomac River. Cox was later convicted for assisting Booth’s
Booth and Herold were not safe in the woods near Jones’s
home. Soldiers were passing by too
closely and Jones, fearing the horses might betray their position, instructed
Herold to dispose of them. Herold led
his horses into a nearby swamp concealed by pine trees and shot them. After four and a half days, Jones took the
fugitives to Dent’s Meadow where they use one of Jones’s boats to cross the Potomac. They made
their crossing but were unaware that they had been spotted by a colored man who