During the fighting, neither side was able to gain any definitive advantage. In addition, May's men had cut down trees and burned bridges during the conflict.These roadblocks along with the rain convinced Nelson and his men to make camp. As a result, the Confederate soldiers were able to successively retreat back into Virginia. Although Colonel Sill's forces did not arrive in time to completely cutoff the Rebels, his men did skirmish with their remnants and occupied Pikeville for the Union. Because of this indecisive victory, the Union was able to consolidate their power in the mountains of Eastern Kentucky and drive back Confederate offensive in Kentucky.
Estimated Casualties: 293 in Total; 30 (U.S.) and 263 (Confederacy).